The Dwarves of Simonside Hills, Northcumberland, UK

Legends of the malevolent dwarves of the Simonside Hills in the Northcumberland region are that of dark and mischievous pests that attack innocent travelers in the night. The dwarves, also referred to as Brownmen, Bogles and Duergar have legends of a leader by the name of Roarie. They are known to lead hikers astray, usually after dark with lit torches, and into dark bogs.

A dwarf hut, would you go in here? photo by Faery Folklorist Blog

A dwarf hut, would you go in here? photo by Faery Folklorist Blog

Documented Accounts of the Dwarves

Local newspaper (or as it was called then) , the Morpeth Gazette (1889)

Tibbit’s English Fairy Tales (1902)

Tyndale’s Legends and Folklore of Northumbria (1930)

F. Grice’s telling of the traditional story The Duergar in Folk Tales of the North Country (1944)

Northumberland National Park website.

Let’s dig a bit deeper…

The dwarves of Simonside Hills  get their name from the Old Norse word, duergar, meaning Dwarf, and is associated with dorch, dwerch, duerch, duergh, and duerwe on the Anglo-Scottish border. This connection can be made in the Volsunga Saga. Documented as far back as 1279, Simonside Hills was called Simundessete (wikipedia), and is thought to be taken from the name, Sigmund’s seat. This seams logical enough. This comes together as Sigmund is from the Volsunga Saga (Norse) and is the father of  Sigurd the Dragon Slayer in Beowolf. The actual story that J.R.R. Tolkien based Smaug on. Below you will see the Norse period carving of Sigurd the Dragon Slayer from Hylestad stave church from the 12th century. On display at the Museum of Cultural History in Oslo.

Norse period carving from Hylestad stave church from the 12th century. On display at the Museum of Cultural History in Oslo. Copyright All rights reserved by brianjmatis

Norse period carving of Sigurd the Dragon Slayer.

 What’s awesome about this?

Well, aside from the fact that there is a pretty good history of local legend about the dwarves living in the Simonside Hills, there is an amazing connection here to be made with the J.R.R. Tolkien literary works such as, the Hobbit, and, Lord of the Rings.

During my recent interview with Dr. Terry Gunnell, professor of Folkloristics at the University of Iceland, we discussed the influence of the Volsunga Saga and Beowolf in relation to these works. It is well known that they are something of a foundation for these tales.

The mischievous nature of these night dwelling dwarves forged legends of their devious games. Given that J.R.R. Tolkien was from England it is reasonable to suggest that, the local folklore of the dwarves of Simonside Hills found it’s way into the character development of his famous works.

Tolkien’s Wicked Dwarves of the Iron Hills may very be developed after the Dwarves of Simonside Hills.

 


About Christa Thompson

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Christa Thompson is the Founder and Senior Editor of The Fairytale Traveler. Christa has been traveling the world since 2003 when she attended a summer abroad study at the University of Cambridge in England. Since then, her wanderlust has been fierce. Her three passions in life are her son, traveling, and being creative. The Fairytale Traveler brand gives Christa the opportunity to do all of these things and to live intentionally every day. "It's never too late to believe in what you love and to pursue your dreams." -Christa Thompson

1 Comments on this post

  1. […] Fairytale Traveler gives us the run-down on the dwarves of England’s Simonside Hills. There have been legends—strongly influenced by Norse mythology, apparently—of nocturnal, […]

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