Roulette History & Origins – When Was Roulette Invented?

Roulette is by far a household name when it comes to the gambling industry. It is quite popular among the gambling community because it’s easy to play, it comes with a range of flexible betting option, and above anything else, it’s quite exciting. There can never be a mention of casinos without these little wheels popping up. To date, nearly all online gaming sites come with this game, and it comes in lots of spinoffs to offer as much variety as possible to the players. Take for example the Eurogrand Casino which has up to six variations of the game; you can’t ever get bored with many such options available at your disposal.


The roulette game has come a long way and has an interesting mystery around its origin. It’s surrounded by various theories and stories of how it came to be. But what’s the real story behind it?  In today’s exclusive, we are going to travel back in time to discover where it all began. Let’s dive in folks!


Perpetual Motion


Well, this is not a physics lesson. You can relax. Roulette is believed to have resulted as an aftermath of a French physicist and renown mathematician, Blaise Pascal, who was seeking to create a Perpetual motion machine. This was during the 17th century when a basic and primitive version of the roulette we see today was first conceptualized. It was supposed to function solely without using any form of energy. Even though all of us know that Blaise’s idea had nothing to do with gambling, his experiment eventually gave birth to roulette casino games which we enjoy today! The name roulette came about due to its French origin. It simply means little wheels.


The Basics of Roulette


It is important for us first to understand the basic working of the roulette before we dig any deeper. The game has a wheel with red and black slots. These are numbered from 1 to 36. As a player, you will be expected to place bets on these numbers, could be one or even a group of numbers. A winning number and color are determined by spinning the wheel in a particular direction. To complete the play, a ball is also spun in the opposite direction, keeps rolling as it loses its momentum and eventually settles in a numbered space which has either the black or red color. It is fascinating and intriguing that when you add all the roulette numbers, you end up with 666 (the devil’s number). Thus, some people claim it is devilish with some going as far as calling it the ‘Devil’s Wheel.’


The Transformation of Roulette


The Devil’s Wheel as some refer to it has since undergone transformational changes since Blaise Pascal’s experiment or rather the failure of it. In 1843, two fellow French men, Louis, and Francois Blanc iterated the wheel further by adding zero wheeled roulette which is commonly referred to as the European Roulette. Before this, in the late 1790s, most casinos in Paris had the color red for single zero and black to represent double zero. In 1800, there was a need to bring separation in the above “zero” roulettes. This saw the introduction of the green color which was meant only to represent the zeros.


The Spread of Roulette into Europe and America


Roulette enjoyed a wide acceptance both in Europe and the Americas in the 19th century. With the banning of gambling in Germany, Blanc and the family migrated it to the Monte Carlo casino in Europe in the 1860s. This was the last casino remaining that was actually legal, and it led to the rise and popularity of the single zero roulette in Europe.


The game was first introduced in the USA in the 18th-century thanks to the French Revolution. French immigrants moved from France to Louisiana and introduced the game. As the people of Louisiana indulged in it, the gambling capital of the USA then, New Orleans, did not welcome the idea fully. The casinos there did not appreciate the form in which the European roulette was in and as such a double zero was added to it to make things further interesting. The American roulette now had 38 numbers instead of the traditional 37. Earlier versions of the roulette in the USA were different from the current ones in the market. The previous versions had 28 numbers, 2 zeros and an American Eagle symbol which was later removed. In the course of the 20th century, there was massive growth of the gambling industry in Las Vegas as a result of the American Double zero wheels


Online Roulette


The internet has taken over almost everything in the world and roulette has not been left behind. The rise of mobile gambling propelled the transformation of the roulette to the online casinos. The first online casino offered the internet roulette in 1996, and it changed the whole experience in the gaming industry and more so for roulette lovers.


From the primitive perpetual motion machine to this era where we can basically play roulette from the comfort of our homes using our mobile devices. And better yet they come in plenty of variants. Other than the European French and American versions, you’ll come across other fascinating spinoffs in online casinos such as Mini-Roulette, Multi-Wheel Roulette, Spingo, and Premier Roulette each coming with a twist in the rules and gameplay.

About Christa Thompson

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Christa Thompson is the Founder and Chief Editor of The Fairytale Traveler. She started traveling the world in 2003 when she attended a summer abroad study at the University of Cambridge in England. Since then, her wanderlust has been fierce. Her three passions in life are her son, traveling, and being creative. The Fairytale Traveler brand gives Christa the opportunity to do all of these things and to live intentionally every day. "It's never too late to believe in what you love and to pursue your dreams." -Christa Thompson

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